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. Islam is the largest religion in Turkey according to the state, with 99.8% of the population being initially registered by the state as Muslim, for anyone whose parents are not of any other officially recognised religion and the remaining 0.2% are Christians or adherents of other officially recognised religions. Turkish president approves amendment lifting headscarf ban, "Turkey passes law restricting alcohol sales", "Presidential Decree on the opening of Hagia Sophia to worship promulgated on the Official Gazette", "Erdogan Signs Decree Allowing Hagia Sophia to Be Used as a Mosque Again", "Turkey: Court strikes down Hagia Sophia museum decree", "Turkey's Erdogan says Hagia Sophia becomes mosque after court ruling", "Turning Hagia Sophia into museum violated will of its endower, Mehmed the Conquerer, Turkish court says", "Turkey's president formally makes Hagia Sophia a mosque", "UNESCO statement on Hagia Sophia, Istanbul", "Church body wants Hagia Sophia decision reversed", "Pope 'pained' by Hagia Sophia mosque decision", "World reacts to Turkey reconverting Hagia Sophia into a mosque", "Former Byzantine churches are being converted to mosques – this threatens Istanbul's cosmopolitan identity", "Turkey converts another former Istanbul church into a mosque", "Istanbul: Turkey is converting another former Byzantine church into a mosque", "Secularism in Turkey: Stronger than Ever? Most of them have immigrated to Europe, particularly Germany; those who remain reside primarily in villages in their former heartland of Tur Abdin. Classification Dewey : 230-Christianisme. The Legal Status of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, Turkey's delay in introducing protection for the rights of religious minorities, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Turkey&oldid=994439433, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Turkish-language sources (tr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Yes through the Diyanet mentioned in the Constitution (art.136), Only by local municipalities, not constutituonal. The report's publication generated large-scale controversy amongst conservative Muslim groups in Turkish society. Thus, although Turkey is officially a secular state, the teaching of religious practices in public grade schools has been controversial.  Furthermore, according to a 2016 Pew Research Center Report, only 13% of all Turks believe laws should "strictly follow the teachings of the Qur'an.  Further changes saw the ban eliminated in some government buildings including parliament the next year, followed by the police forces and, finally, the military in 2017.. According to a poll made by MAK, which interviewed 5,400 people in face-to-face through the country, 86% of the Turkish population declared they believe in Allah and 76% declared they believe the Quran and other holy books came through revelation by Allah.  Most Muslims in Turkey are Sunnis forming about 80.5%, and Shia-Aleviler (Alevis, Ja'faris, Alawites) denominations in total form about 16.5% of the Muslim population. Catholic Christians have also occasionally been subjected to violent societal attacks. The same penalties apply for the sale, offering for sale, even free distribution to Muslims, of books, pamphlets, magazines, records and cassettes disclosing a religion other than Islam.' In these classes, children are required to learn prayers and other religious practices which belong specifically to Sunnism. , The government of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and the Justice and Development Party (AKP) pursue the explicit policy agenda of Islamization of education to "raise a devout generation" against secular resistance, in the process causing lost jobs and school for many non-religious citizens of Turkey.  Christians (Oriental Orthodoxy, Greek Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic) and Jews (Sephardi), who comprise the non-Muslim religious population, make up more than 0.2% of the total. by Flavigny, Jean-Baptiste, 1732-1813.; Flavigny, Jean-Baptiste, 1732-1813; Clément, Augustin Jean Charles, 1717-1804 Turkey has a democratic government and a strong tradition of secularism. The pro-government newspaper Bugün ran a story stating "no one has the right to convert this society into a religious one, or the opposite."  The drop was the result of events that had a significant impact on the country's demographic structure, such as the Armenian Genocide, the population exchange between Greece and Turkey and the emigration of Christians that began in the late 19th century and gained pace in the first quarter of the 20th century. There is a small ethnic Turkish Protestant Christian community include about 4,000–5,000 adherents, most of them came from Muslim Turkish background. En étroite communion avec le Saint-Siège, les évêques des diocèses en Turquie sont membres d'une instance de concertation, la Conférence épiscopale de Turquie. Le pourcentage de personnes se considérant pieuses tend à diminuer : 55 % en 2008, contre 51 % en 201814. Cependant, l'article 24 stipule que « L'éducation et l'enseignement religieux sont dispensés sous la surveillance et le contrôle de l'État. In a poll conducted by Sabancı University in 2006, 98.3% of Turks revealed they were Muslim. In-8. Despite its official secularism, the Turkish government includes the state agency of the Presidency of Religious Affairs (Turkish: Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı), whose purpose is stated by law "to execute the works concerning the beliefs, worship, and ethics of Islam, enlighten the public about their religion, and administer the sacred worshiping places". Situation de l'Église catholique en Turquie ainsi que ceux des États voisins. There have been 84 individual Patriarchs since establishment of the Patriarchate. There are also many historical churches which have been transformed into mosques or museums, such as the Hagia Sophia and Chora Church in Istanbul, the Church of St. Peter in Antakya, and the Church of St. Nicholas in Myra, among many others. According to Ipsos, which interviewed 17,180 adults across 22 countries poll's showed that 82% of Turkey was Muslim and 7% of those who were interviewed from Turkey followed no religion whereas 6% identified as "Spiritual but not religious".. Cet organisme étatique, le Diyanet, utilise l'impôt de citoyens musulmans sunnites, non-sunnites et non-musulmans pour financer exclusivement le culte sunnite. In December 2007, a 19-year-old stabbed a Catholic priest outside a church in İzmir; the priest was treated and released the following day. The 2009 U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom report placed Turkey on its watchlist with countries such as Afghanistan, Cuba, the Russian Federation, and Venezuela.  Any change in religion records additionally results in a new ID card being issued. Turkish politicians have accused the country's EU opponents of favoring a "Christian club".. " The Greek Orthodox orphanage in Büyükada was closed by the government; however, following a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights, the deed to the orphanage was returned to the Ecumenical Patriarchate on 29 November 2010. Although the Turkish government states that more than 99% of the population is Muslim, academic research and polls give different results of the percentage of Muslims which are sometimes lower, most of which are above the 90% range, but also lower. 2012. Licencié en théologie orientale, Musa Yaramis est professeur de religion catholique. Spirituality and Religion: An Empirical Study Using a Turkish Muslim Sample. Religion, societe, politique en France (1965-1978) | 2e édition revue et corrigée | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate , Islam arrived in the region that comprises present-day Turkey, particularly the eastern provinces of the country, as early as the 7th century. Although some commentators claim the secularisation is merely a result of Western influence or even a "conspiracy", most commentators, even some pro-government ones, have come to conclude that "the real reason for the loss of faith in Islam is not the West but Turkey itself: It is a reaction to all the corruption, arrogance, narrow-mindedness, bigotry, cruelty and crudeness displayed in the name of Islam."  Over the course of the 20th century, it developed a strong tradition of secularism similar to the French model of laïcité, with the main distinction being that the Turkish state "openly and publicly controls Islam through its State Directorate of Religious Affairs". The directorate is criticized by some Alevi Muslims for not supporting their beliefs and instead favouring only the Sunni faith. As of today, there are thousands of historical mosques throughout the country which are still active. But it may annoy some [people] in my country. C’est une affaire qui empoisonne les relations entre la Turquie et les États-Unis depuis près de deux ans. The Halki seminary remains closed since 1971 due to the Patriarchate's refusal to accept the supervision of the Turkish Ministry of Education on the school's educational curricula; whereas the Turkish government wants the school to operate as a branch of the Faculty of Theology at Istanbul University. In 2013, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Turkey had discriminated against the religious freedom of Alevis.. Buy L'Église catholique en Indo-Chine (Religion) by PIOLET-J-B (ISBN: 9782012833609) from Amazon's Book Store. In early July 2020, the Council of State annulled the Cabinet's 1934 decision to establish the museum, revoking the monument's status, and a subsequent decree by Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ordered the reclassification of Hagia Sophia as a mosque.  3% of Turks declare themselves with no religious beliefs. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (Patrik) is the head of the Greek Orthodox Church in Turkey, and also serves as the spiritual leader of all Orthodox churches throughout the world. The Presidency of Religious Affairs' budget rose from US$0.9 billion for the year 2006 to $2.5 billion in 2012. The Benedict XVI Centre for Religion and Society was launched at St Mary’s University, Twickenham, in 2016. Jews also operate their own schools, hospitals, two elderly homes, welfare institutions, as well as a newspaper. Traditional stories of Pinocchio, Heidi, and Tom Sawyer were rewritten to include characters that wished each other a "God-blessed morning" and statements that included "in Allah's name"; in one rewrite, one of the Three Musketeers converted to Islam.
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